You’ve probably never heard her name–I hadn’t until last night when watching a TV special about Harper Lee, To Kill a Mockingbird, and her unknown and previously unpublished second book titled Go Set a Watchman.
The editor’s name was mentioned in passing, and I asked my husband to pause, replay, and help me catch it. Tay Hohoff is described in a blog post by Clarissa Atkinson, a fellow employee at J. B. Lippincott, as a “respected editor” and a “challenging presence.”
Ms. Atkinson goes on in another post to describe the To Kill a Mockingbird years at the publishing house:
J.B. Lippincott . . . was a family-owned Philadelphia firm, old-fashioned even in the 1950s. I worked in the branch office at Fifth Avenue and 43rd Street – an editorial office, in which the New York tail wagged the Philadelphia dog. My tenure at Lippincott coincided with a few of the many years during which Harper Lee was working on To Kill a Mockingbird. According to office legend (more or less substantiated by Wikipedia), Lee had arrived from Alabama with a trunk full of mixed-up parts and pages of an enormous manuscript, she lived in a garret on macaroni while she transformed the pages into a stunningly successful book, and this was accomplished through the faithful support and encouragement of her Lippincott editor.
Is anyone surprised by this “faithful support and encouragement” from an editor? Not me.
We’ve all heard the story by now. How friends of Harper Lee’s gave her a year’s worth of pay and told her to just go write for that year. The result was this astounding book published in 1960 that was an instant classic and won a Pulitzer Prize in 1961.
And those of us who write wonder how in the world this writer crafted one book (well, now we know of two) that had this kind of success. We can only dream of that.
I think it has much to do with her upbringing–her father was a well-respected lawyer in her small hometown of Monroeville, Alabama, in the deep South in the days before the Civil Rights movement. She touched a nerve by taking on the topic of racism and showing what it takes to stand up for what’s right.
Still, she also had a good editor who helped to shape the book into something readable. In 2010, celebrating the fiftieth anniversary of the book’s publication, Newsweek ran an article titled, “Who Helped Harper Lee with Mockingbird?” that discusses Tay Hohoff’s role in the book:
Lee had dropped out of college during her senior year to move to New York to become a writer—to the dismay of her father, who wanted her to be a lawyer. She spent nearly a decade doing odd jobs and scraping by before she submitted five stories to a Maurice Crain, an agent who, frankly, wasn’t overly impressed. But he and his wife liked Lee, and he encouraged her to try a novel. The result, then called Atticus, was a mess. “There were dangling threads of plot, there was a lack of unity—a beginning, a middle, an end that was inherent in the beginning,” said Tay Hohoff, an editor at J. B. Lippencott, who described the submission to Lee’s biographer, Charles Shields. Still, Hohoff and the others at Lippencott saw something promising in it and took a chance. Lee clearly needed guidance—but she would get it. Lee rewrote the novel three times over the next two and a half years. At one point, she threw the manuscript out the window and called Hohoff. Her editor persuaded her to go outside and gather the floating pages.
It’s a good thing, wouldn’t you say?
That’s the role of a great editor. Sending a writer back to keep rewriting. Being there when the writer is facing a brick wall and muddled pages. Making sure the pages tossed out the window get gathered up and worked on because the editor sees something that maybe even the author can’t yet see.
ADDENDUM 7/14/15: Reviews of Go Set a Watchman are popping up online, and most of them are not kind. This one, in particular, gives credit to Tay Hohoff for the work she did in shaping To Kill a Mockingbird, a touch clearly missing from this most recent publication. But I disagree with the sentiment that there aren’t editors like that around anymore–there are, and they work very hard to bring diamonds out of the rough.
7/25/15: Excellent commentary from The New York Times. Unfortunately, I do feel that this may have been far more about money than about the writing or the writer.
10 thoughts on “Great Editors–Tay Hohoff and To Kill a Mockingbird”
Wow. I never knew Lee’s editor’s name. What a story! And what a triumph for the editor to shepherd this book to greatness.
I know! It’s an amazing story. I love finding out how much these editors did for these great books.
My favorite book, Linda. I read it again every summer. And to think that without a good editor like Tay Hohoff there would be no book. I’ve already got my book order in for the new book.
So often that’s the case . . . without the editor, the book might not have made it through the process, or the author might not have finished it, or any number of things. I am interested also to see how the second one is. In the TV special I was watching, they said that the second book is being published nearly as she originally wrote it. And obviously Tay Hohoff is gone. We’ll see.
Ennlnhteiigg the world, one helpful article at a time.
Love this post. So interesting to see that even the greats have had to edit, edit, edit! Can’t wait to read the second book.
Yep! Everyone needs an editor!
I worked at Lippincott in those years and knew Tay Hohoff, but I was not her assistant — if I had been, I would have known more details of the Mockingbird story. I admired her from a slight distance —
Thanks for this. It’s great to see editors and editing getting some of the attention and respect they deserve!
Oh my! I’m so thrilled to hear from you Clarissa! Sorry about the error–will fix it. That’s what I get for trusting other sources rather than the source herself. What an experience you must have had. Where did your career take you after Lippincott?
Thanks so much for fixing it up right away. After I left Lippincott I had three children, did some free-lance editing etc., and then went back to school — best way to describe some of that might be to refer you to
Thanks for asking!